Felix Hoffmann, of Bayer in Elberfeld, Germany created heroin as a medicine 11 days after inventing aspirin. Afraid of the possible side effects of aspirin, Bayer registered heroin (probably from heroisch, German for "heroic") as a trademark. Bayer marketed it from 1896-1910 as a non-addictive morphine substitute and children's cough medicine until it was made illegal in 1914.